Albert Einstein made use of imaginary experiments to test his theories. He was the first to speak of the origin of the expanding universe and its infinite past
Albert Einstein, more than a scientist, was a visionary, very inspired. He found beauty in the dark, revolutionized physics and allowed us to understand the universe in a whole new way. He criticized himself for the 'lack of talent' and liked to define himself as a simple man who was passionate and curious, certainly two of his best qualities. We present the biography of Albert Einstein .
Talking about Einstein means referring to one of the most charismatic figures of the twentieth century. Andy Warhol himself has transformed his image into an icon. We all know his famous mass-energy equivalence equation, E = mc². But, above all, we owe to him the foundations of cosmology, statistical physics and quantum mechanics.
There are those who often define him as the 'father of the atomic bomb'. To his dismay, his work facilitated the development of the Manhattan program with the consequences we know well. But Albert Einstein has always called himself a pacifist.
He has repeatedly reiterated his regret for having convinced President Roosevelt to fund the research he was director of. Regardless of everything, his studies and their results have opened the door to discoveries that can change the history of humanity in many ways.
The works of Albert Einstein, for example, they were instrumental for another great scientist like Stephen Hawking . So immense and inspiring is his legacy that many of his predictions continue to be confirmed today, as has happened with gravitational waves. Let's see what else Albert Einstein's biography has in store for us.
Biography of Albert Einstein
The life of a child without (apparent) talent who changed the world
Albert Einstein was born in 1879 in Ulm, Germany, and belonged to a Jewish family. His father, Hermann Einstein, was a grain trader. His mother, Pauline Koch, played the piano. The famous scientist's passion for music has very clear origins.
Especially in the beginning, the young Albert seemed anything but a genius . He started talking very late and it was not easy for him to learn to read and write . His personality didn't help him: he was hermetic, quiet and very introverted. His parents ended up thinking that he was suffering from some developmental delay.
According to Einstein, that phase of his life was a period of meditation. In fact, he soon began to ask himself and ask questions much deeper than those typical of his tender age. At just seven, he had already questioned aspects of space and time. Little by little, and thanks to the musical education of his mother, patient sister and uncle Jakob, a great lover of algebra and research, little Albert began to open up to the world of knowledge, showing fervent curiosity.
At the age of 15 he began to study infinitesimal calculus as a self-taught and at 17 he entered the Federal Polytechnic of Zurich, Switzerland, to study physics and mathematics . Shortly thereafter, he met the love of his life, Mileva Marić, a brilliant classmate of Serbian origin, with whom he would later have two children.
His legacy as a scientist
It was in 1905 when he signed several fundamental works for what would later become his legacy as a scientist. In the first of them, it was already studying Brownian motion (random movement of particles in a fluid medium). The others, on the other hand, faced problems related to the photoelectric effect, special relativity and mass-energy equivalence.
The work on the photoelectric effect earned him the Nobel Prize in physics about twenty years later, in 1921 . Albert Einstein was an assistant and later professor at the universities of Bern, Prague and Berlin. However, with Hitler’s coming to power in 1933, he had to move to the United States, where he would spend the last 25 years of his life, becoming the most famous scientist in the world.
On April 16, 1955, following a hemorrhage caused by an aneurysm of the abdominal aorta, the great scholar closed his eyes forever, at the age of 76.
“I want to leave when I want… It is in bad taste to prolong life artificially. I've done my part, it's time to go. I will do it with elegance. '
Biography of Albert Einstein, an innovative genius
Albert Einstein was an innovative genius and used what he himself liked to define as 'thought experiments'. He spent much of his time imagining various aspects of his theories . He used to visualize a man traveling through space inside an elevator. He also imagined blind beetles traversing curved surfaces.
These experiments allowed him to explain, without telescopes, aspects of gravity or how photons of light (his blind beetles) traveled a curved path and not a straight line as was previously believed. L' heredity that Einstein left us survives and advances. Furthermore, many of his theories continue to be proven today.
The photoelectric effect, Einstein's Nobel
Many think that Albert Einstein received the Nobel Prize for his theory of relativity. On the contrary, this important award was granted to him for his research on the photoelectric effect . Thanks to his studies, today we have essential technologies such as television, solar panels, microchips, motion detectors, photocopiers, digital cameras, lamps automatic, etc.
The theory of relativity
It was in 1915 when Einstein presented his theory of general relativity to the Prussian Academy of Sciences with which he tried to replace Isaac Newton's law of gravity. This theory provided the most important basis for establishing the knowledge of many of the aspects of the universe.
Albert Einstein's biography reveals a very broad legacy that includes both the first publications in 1905, and research on Brownian motion, mass-energy equivalence, up to his unified field theory . The latter kept him busy during most of his later years, when he tried to unify his studies of gravitation with electromagnetism. Other lesser known contributions.
Many of Einstein's questions are still unanswered. Some slowly prove to be truthful and confirm him as a great pioneer in revealing the secrets of universe and the mysteries of the atom.
His creativity, like his curiosity, had no limits and was also linked to his rebellious and critical spirit, capable of challenging everything that others took for granted. After all, this is precisely the attitude that a great scientist must have when he is determined to explore knowledge: to question what has been established.
- Einstein, A. (1956). Investigations on the Theory of the Brownian Movement . Courier Corporation.
- Einstein, A. (2011). The Theory of Relativity: And Other Essays . Open Road Media.
- Einstein, A. (1905). About the motion of particles suspended in liquids at rest, required by the molecular kinetic theory of heat. Annals of Physics , 322 (8), 549-560.
- Einstein, A. (1905). On the electrodynamics of moving bodies. Annals of Physics , 322 (10), 891-921.